References in literature

  • In Albert Camus’ essay The Rebel, Heathcliff is compared to a leader of the rebel forces. Both are driven by a sort of madness: one by misguided love, the other by oppression. Camus juxtaposes the concept of Heathcliff’s reaction to Catherine with the reaction of a disenchanted rebel to the ideal he once held.
  • Maryse Condé’s novel Windward Heights adapted Wuthering Heights to be set in Guadaloupe and Cuba.
  • Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes both have poems titled “Wuthering Heights.”
  • Anne Carson wrote a poem titled “The Glass Essay” in which are woven multiple references to Wuthering Heights and the life of Emily Brontë.
  • James Stoddard’s novel The False House contains numerous references to Wuthering Heights.
  • In the novel H: The Story of Heathcliff’s Journey Back to Wuthering Heights, Lin Haire-Sargeant tells the story of how Heathcliff discovers he is the son and heir of Edward Fairfax Rochester and Bertha Mason (Jane Eyre).
  • Jasper Fforde’s Thursday Next novels often mention Heathcliff as the most tragic romantic hero. In Fforde’s book The Well of Lost Plots, it is revealed that all the characters of Wuthering Heights are required to attend group anger management sessions.
  • In Heathcliff and the Great Hunger (1995), Terry Eagleton proposes that Heathcliff was actually a refugee from the great Irish potato famine.
  • In the preface of his novel Le bleu du ciel, French writer Georges Bataille states that, in his view, Wuthering Heights belongs to those rare works in literature written from an inner necessity.
  • Alice Hoffman’s Here On Earth is a modern version of Wuthering Heights.
  • The novel Glennkill by German writer Leonie Swann, published in 2005, is in some way centred on Emily Brontë’s novel, which is perhaps the main reason it is set in Ireland. The book, as revealed in the last pages, is being read to the sheep by the shepherd’s daughter, and in a strange and dreamy way helps the main character of the novel, a sheep-detective called Miss Maple, to guess the identity of the murderer.
  • In Diane Setterfield’s novel The Thirteenth Tale, Wuthering Heights is frequently mentioned. The relationship between Charlie and Isabelle Angelfield parallels that of Heathcliff and Catherine in many ways.
  • Michel Houellebecq’s debut novel Extension du domaine de la lutte briefly mentions Wuthering Heights — “We’re a long way from Wuthering Heights” — arguing that as human relations progressively fade away, such tales of stormy passion are no longer possible
  • Cara Lockwood’s Wuthering High is centred on a boarding school that is haunted by dead classic writers, Emily Brontë among them. Her novel is mentioned several times, and even her characters make appearances.
  • Mizuki Nomura’s second book in the Bungaku shoujo series, “Bungaku shoujo” to Uekawaku Ghost (published in 2006), refers to and draws from Wuthering Heights heavily.
  • Japanese novelist Minae Mizumura’s third and most recent work, A Real Novel, 2002, is a retelling of Wuthering Heights in postwar Japan, featuring a half-Chinese, half-Japanese Heathcliff and an even more problematic Nelly. It re-enacts the history of modern Japanese literature by absorbing and transforming the Western classic into the Japanese literary context.
  • Afghan novelist Khaled Hosseini’s debut novel, The Kite Runner, included Wuthering Heights when Amir asks Soraya what book she is reading. Saraya repies with “it is a sad story.”
  • In Stephenie Meyer’s novel Twilight, Bella Swan reads Wuthering Heights. In the sequel, Eclipse, several direct quotes from Wuthering Heights are used to purportedly compare Bella’s relationships with Edward Cullen and Jacob Black to Catherine’s relationships with Heathcliff and Edgar.
  • In Kiran Desai’s second novel, The Inheritance of Loss, Sai reads Wuthering Heights several times during Ghurkha insurgency.
  • In the book by Australian author Markus Zusak, I Am the Messenger, Ed, the main character, reads Wuthering Heights to the old lady in one of his tasks.



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